New coronoviral infection and other respiratory-viral diseases in pregnant women: clinical lecture

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Abstract


Relevance. On February 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) gave the official name for the disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus – COVID-19 (Coronavirus disease 2019), and on March 11, 2020, the Director-General (WHO) stated that the world the community is facing a new pandemic. The rapid spread of this disease requires new knowledge on its diagnosis and treatment. At the same time, it must be remembered that 30–40% of the entire world population is sick with other acute respiratory viral diseases every year. In our country, annually from 27 to 41 million cases of acute respiratory viral infection (ARVI), acute respiratory disease (ARI) and flu are recorded. Based on the foregoing, the authors set a goal – on the basis of modern data to form the theoretical basis for obstetrician-gynecologists for practical work with pregnant patients with new coronavirus infection and respiratory viral diseases.

Materials and methods. The information material includes data from foreign and domestic scientific articles available in Pubmed and Internet resources on this topic, published over the past 5 years.

Results. A systematic analysis of the data contained in the modern literature on various infectious and inflammatory diseases of the respiratory system and COVID-19 has been carried out. Historical information on pandemics associated with respiratory diseases is presented. Clinical features of the course of acute respiratory viral diseases, flu and coronavirus infection, as well as various types of pneumonia, were noted. Attention is drawn to the importance of carrying out preventive measures to prevent the spread of infections. Introduced obstetric management of pregnant women with a new coronavirus disease. Part of the information is presented in the form of tables and figures summarizing the analyzed material, which makes the information presented especially memorable.

Conclusion. It is hoped that the prepared lecture will not only enhance information and educational knowledge, but will also be useful for the work of an obstetrician-gynecologist, including in the epidemiological period that is unfavorable for respiratory viral diseases.


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About the authors

Sergey P. Sinchikhin

Astrakhan State Medical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: doc_sinchihin@mail.ru

Russian Federation, Astrakhan

д-р мед. наук, проф., зав. каф. акушерства и гинекологии лечебного фак-та

Lusine V. Stepanyan

Astrakhan State Medical University

Email: lus-s84@mail.ru

Russian Federation, Astrakhan

канд. мед. наук, ассистент каф. акушерства и гинекологии лечебного фак-та

Oleg B. Mamiev

Astrakhan State Medical University

Email: mamievob@rambler.ru

Russian Federation, Astrakhan

д-р мед. наук, проф. каф. акушерства и гинекологии лечебного фак-та

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Supplementary files

Supplementary Files Action
1.
Fig. 1. The Head of the Admission Department of the Wuhan Central Hospital (People’s Republic of China), Dr. Ai Fen, who met with the first patient who developed a new coronavirus disease (COVID-19).

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2.
Fig. 2. Coronavirus incidence until 2019.

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3.
Fig. 3. Clinical features of COVID-19.

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4.
Fig. 4. Mortality from coronavirus infection depending on age (according to data from China).

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5.
Fig. 5. Routing pregnant women with respiratory viral diseases.

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6.
Fig. 6. Prevention of the spread of COVID-19 in medical organizations.

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